Woolly Mammoth Lower Jaw with M3 Molar Tooth

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This  partial woolly mammoth lower jaw (mandible) has a complete M3 molar and comes from an adult individual. This amazing find was recovered by fishing trawlers dredging the bed of the North Sea in Holland. It is 40 000 years old - Pleistocene Age and comes from world-famous location for Ice Ae megafauna fossils, including woolly rhino, giant Irish elk, sabre toothed cats and other marvellous prehistoric mammals.


This rare specimen is exquisitely preserved and has great scientific and educational value. The details of the molar's grinding surface enamel is fully intact, and the foramina can be seen, wherein the nerves and vessels were carried. Even the delicate chin is present!

Jaw measures 63.5 cm in length (25 inches) x 25.4 cm in width (10 inches) x 34.3 cm in height (13.5 inches); the tooth measures 21.6 cm in length (8.5 inches) x 7.6 cm in width (3 inches). Weighs 8.5 kg (18.7 lbs.)

Interestingly, the wooly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) had 6 sets of teeth throughout its lifetime, which were progressively larger. They are designated as P2, P3, and P4, and M1, M2, M3.